ABORIGINAL ARTEFACTS BANKA BANKA HOTEL, 2013.

Aboriginal Artefacts Banka Banka Hotel, 2013. Note the Leilira blade attached to the spear. These stone artefacts are one of the main items in the winnun trade cycle. I have argued that giving these blades to tourists, as exemplified here, is one way of deliberately disposing of them. Photograph by Kate Rogers.

ROB PATON 1985

Rob Paton 1985 recording a Leilira blade quarry.

LEILIRA BLADES USED IN THE WINNUN CYCLE

Leilira blades used in the winnun trade and exchange cycle. The blades are an important component of the Pelican Dreaming history.

LEILIRA BLADE MANUFACTURE: ABBY THOMAS

Leilira blade manufacture: Abby Thomas. This photograph was taken in 1986 at a blade quarry called Ipitjirintja. This is a pelican Dreaming site that also has associations with the fly Dreaming.

LEILIRA BLADE SEGMENTS

Leilira blade segments caused by the deliberate snapping of the blades as part of winnun. Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

LEILIRA BLADE CORE

This is the parent rock that the Leilira blades are made from. It is known as a core. You can see the negative scars where the blades were removed by a method called direct percussion.

LEILIRA BLADE QUARRY

Leilira blade quarry called Kankiritja (or pelican landing place). Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

LEILIRA BLADES

Leilira blades. Note one has a beeswax handle. These blades are traded in the winnun cycle. Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

NUGGETT COLLINS AT YIPITJIRINTJA LEILIRA BLADE QUARRY.

Nuggett Collins at Yipitjirintja Leilira blade quarry, 1985.

LEILIRA BLADE

Leilira blade. Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

LEILIRA BLADE SEGMENT

Leilira blade segment resulting from the deliberate snapping of the blades as part of the winnun exchange system.

MAKING LEILIRA BLADES

Larry Brandy and Nuggett Collins burning rock to make Leilira blades, 1986.  This is a Pelican Dreaming site called Kankiritja.

LEILIRA BLADE SEGMENTS

Leilira blade segments caused by the deliberate snapping of the blades as part of the winnun exchange cycle.

LEILIRA BLADE WITH BEES WAX HANDLE

A Leilira blade with a beeswax handle, 1985. This was made for trade and exchange. Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

MAKING LEILIRA BLADES

Larry Brandy and Nuggett Collins burning rock to make Leilira blades, 1986.  The rock is burnt to help remove natural micro-fractures prior to blade manufacture. This is an important Pelican Dreaming site and the firing of the rock is part of the Pelican History for this place.

LEILIRA BLADES

A selection of Leilira blades used for trade and exchange.  Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

ABBY THOMAS

Abby Thomas making a Leilira blade near Newcastle Waters, 1986. Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

LEILIRA BLADE SEGMENTS

These snapped segments of Leilira blades are commonly found at habitation sites. It is hypothisized that they are deliberately broken as part of the winnun ceremonial exchange cycle.

MAKING LEILIRA BLADES

Larry Brandy and Nuggett Collins burning rock to make Leilira blades, 1986.  The rock is burnt to enhance its flaking qualities through the removal of natural micro-fractures. This is an important Pelican Dreaming site called Ipitjirintja (which is also a fly Dreaming).

LEILIRA BLADE QUARRY

Detail of Leilira Blade quarry called Kankiritja, near Newcastle Waters, 1986. The blades from these quarries are major items of trade in the winnun exchange ceremonies.

ROB PATON

Rob Paton recording at Kankiritja Leilira Blade quarry, 1986.

ABBY THOMAS MAKING A STONE BLADE

Abby Thomas making a Leilira blade at Kankiritja stone quarry, 1985.

ABORIGINAL ARTEFACTS BANKA BANKA HOTEL, 2013.

Aboriginal Artefacts Banka Banka Hotel, 2013. Note the Leilira blade attached to the spear. These stone artefacts are one of the main items in the winnun trade cycle. I have argued that giving these blades to tourists, as exemplified here, is one way of deliberately disposing of them. Photograph by Kate Rogers.

ROB PATON 1985

Rob Paton 1985 recording a Leilira blade quarry.

LEILIRA BLADES USED IN THE WINNUN CYCLE

Leilira blades used in the winnun trade and exchange cycle. The blades are an important component of the Pelican Dreaming history.

LEILIRA BLADE MANUFACTURE: ABBY THOMAS

Leilira blade manufacture: Abby Thomas. This photograph was taken in 1986 at a blade quarry called Ipitjirintja. This is a pelican Dreaming site that also has associations with the fly Dreaming.

LEILIRA BLADE SEGMENTS

Leilira blade segments caused by the deliberate snapping of the blades as part of winnun. Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

LEILIRA BLADE CORE

This is the parent rock that the Leilira blades are made from. It is known as a core. You can see the negative scars where the blades were removed by a method called direct percussion.

LEILIRA BLADE QUARRY

Leilira blade quarry called Kankiritja (or pelican landing place). Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

LEILIRA BLADES

Leilira blades. Note one has a beeswax handle. These blades are traded in the winnun cycle. Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

NUGGETT COLLINS AT YIPITJIRINTJA LEILIRA BLADE QUARRY.

Nuggett Collins at Yipitjirintja Leilira blade quarry, 1985.

LEILIRA BLADE

Leilira blade. Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

LEILIRA BLADE SEGMENT

Leilira blade segment resulting from the deliberate snapping of the blades as part of the winnun exchange system.

MAKING LEILIRA BLADES

Larry Brandy and Nuggett Collins burning rock to make Leilira blades, 1986.  This is a Pelican Dreaming site called Kankiritja.

LEILIRA BLADE SEGMENTS

Leilira blade segments caused by the deliberate snapping of the blades as part of the winnun exchange cycle.

LEILIRA BLADE WITH BEES WAX HANDLE

A Leilira blade with a beeswax handle, 1985. This was made for trade and exchange. Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

MAKING LEILIRA BLADES

Larry Brandy and Nuggett Collins burning rock to make Leilira blades, 1986.  The rock is burnt to help remove natural micro-fractures prior to blade manufacture. This is an important Pelican Dreaming site and the firing of the rock is part of the Pelican History for this place.

LEILIRA BLADES

A selection of Leilira blades used for trade and exchange.  Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the Pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

ABBY THOMAS

Abby Thomas making a Leilira blade near Newcastle Waters, 1986. Important Dreaming histories are associated with the various trade goods. These stories travel with the goods as a part of the trade cycle called Winnun. Leilira blades are closely associated with the Pelican Dreaming. In the pelican Dreaming history, one blade on top of the other forms the pelican beak.

LEILIRA BLADE SEGMENTS

These snapped segments of Leilira blades are commonly found at habitation sites. It is hypothisized that they are deliberately broken as part of the winnun ceremonial exchange cycle.

MAKING LEILIRA BLADES

Larry Brandy and Nuggett Collins burning rock to make Leilira blades, 1986.  The rock is burnt to enhance its flaking qualities through the removal of natural micro-fractures. This is an important Pelican Dreaming site called Ipitjirintja (which is also a fly Dreaming).

LEILIRA BLADE QUARRY

Detail of Leilira Blade quarry called Kankiritja, near Newcastle Waters, 1986. The blades from these quarries are major items of trade in the winnun exchange ceremonies.

ROB PATON

Rob Paton recording at Kankiritja Leilira Blade quarry, 1986.

ABBY THOMAS MAKING A STONE BLADE

Abby Thomas making a Leilira blade at Kankiritja stone quarry, 1985.